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EERI Annotated Slide Collection CD-ROM

The EERI Annotated Slide Collection. This CD-ROM provides access to EERl's entire collection of slides in digitized form including the original supporting text. Representing 60 sets, the images cover all major earthquakes between 1983 and 1995 and include many photographs from earlier earthquakes. Other topics include slides dealing with building and safety, seismic performance of buildings, earthquake resistant design, liquefaction, hazard mitigation, and lessons from previous earthquakes.

The slides can be reproduced as hard copies in black and white or color with excellent results. Users have the option of creating their own customized presentations for a variety of audiences, bypicking and choosing images from various sets and printing transparencies for overhead presentations. This unique CD-ROM saves money and space, representing almost $3,500 worth of slides. It is easy to use and an invaluable research tool for students and practicing engineers, as well as public officials, building inspectors, PTAs, and other citizen and community groups. April 1998.

The Annotated Slide Collection CD-ROM contains the following 60 image sets:

KOBE EARTHQUAKE (1995) SERIES
This devastating earthquake occurred at 5:45 a.m. local time on January 17, 1995, in the port city of Kobe, 30 km west of Osaka, Japan. Over 5,400 people were killed, more than 27,000 injured, and over 300,000 left homeless.

Kobe I, Overview
Overview of the Kobe, Japan, Earthquake of January 17, 1995. A comprehensive set covers such topics as seismology and geoscience, geotechnical aspects and liquefaction effects, damage to roads and bridges, transportation and lifelines, ports and harbors, damage to engineered and non-engineered buildings, fire, and emergency response. Images contributed by C. Comartin, J. Jirsa, C. Kircher, C. Scawthorn, P. Somerville, and T. Leslie Youd. Sixty (60) images, color.

Kobe II, Liquefaction
The set on geotechnical aspects of the earthquake deals with liquefaction, landslides, and rockfalls, and their effects on buildings, bridges, and lifeline systems. Created by J. P. Koester, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Twenty (20) annotated images, color.

Kobe III, Performance of Steel Bridges
The images document damage to both older and newer short- and long-span steel bridges. They also show cases where steel bridges performed with little or no damage. Developed by J. C. Wilson, M. Bruneau, and R. Tremblay, members of a Canadian reconnaissance team. Fifty-four (54) annotated images, color.

Kobe IV, Engineered Buildings
This set contains examples of performance of concrete frame and shear wall buildings, and steel moment and braced frame buildings. The performance of engineered buildings in Kobe is very significant for the US, due to the similarity in structural systems used. Developed by D. Bonneville of Degenkolb Engineers. Fifty (50) annotated images, color.

Kobe V, Recovery and Reconstruction
This set documents the rebuilding effort in Kobe after the devastating earthquake in January 1995. Slides depict the repair process over time for several large buildings, and illustrate various aspects of
recovery, including the use of temporary buildings for shelter and commerce. The slides in the set are from four periods: September 1995; March 1996; June 1996;
and October 1996. Forty (40) annotated images by C. Bauman and C. Eadie; color.

Kobe VI, Repair and Reconstruction of Historic Landmarks
The images document damage and repair to various temples, sharines, and cultural landmarks, including Kazami-Dori. Slides also illustrate repairs to houses in the Katano district. Three periods of reconstruction are represented; March, June, and October 1996. Twenty (20) annotated images by C. Bauman and C. Eadie; color.

LOMA PRIETA EARTHQUAKE (1989) SERIES
On October 17, 1989, a magnitude 7.1 earthquake struck Northern California on the San Andreas fault system, approximately 50 miles south of San Francisco near the summit of Loma Prieta in the Santa Cruz Mountains. The earthquake resulted in 62 deaths, and caused extensive liquefaction, fires, and damage to building and bridge structures. The Loma Prieta earthquake was the most severe earthquake in the continental United States since 1952, and was the largest earthquake on the San Andreas fault since 1906.

LP-I, Overview
This set of 20 images gives an overview of the Loma Prieta earthquake. Each of the main issues: (a) prediction, (b) wood-frame houses, (c) unreinforced masonry buildings, (d) Marina District, (e) bridge structures, and (f) ground failure are identified and illustrated. Annotated, 20 images.

LP-II, Engineered Structures
Occurring 50 miles south of San Francisco, the earthquake was not a severe test of buildings designed according to modern earthquake-resistant design criteria. The majority of the damaged structures were either wood-frame dwellings or unreinforced masonry buildings. Annotated, 20 images, contributed by H. S. Lew.

LP-III, Bridges
The images illustrate the structural damage or collapse of the following: Cypress structure of the Nimitz Freeway; Struve Slough on Hwy. 1; the Bay Bridge; Southern Freeway (I-280); Hwy 101; the Embarcadero Freeway (I-480); as well as other locations that typify the less spectacular damage. Annotated, 20 images, contributed by I. Buckle.

LP-IV, Marina District
The images illustrate the dramatic damage that occurred in the Marina District of San Francisco, a man-made landfill area. Liquefaction, ground failure, fires, building collapse or partial destruction. Annotated, 35 images, contributed by J. Egan.

LP-V, Landslides
The set illustrates rock falls, rock slides, and soil slides in the areas of the Santa Cruz-Monterey Bay, San Francisco Bay, and the adjacent parts of the California Coast Ranges. Annotated, 12 images, contributed by G. Wieczorek of USGS.

COSTA RICA EARTHQUAKE (1991) SERIES
On April 22, 1991, a magnitude 7.5 earthquake rocked the Talamanca Moun-tains in Costa Rica. The primary shock resulted in 58 deaths and over $30 million in damages. The earthquake was followed by more than 1,000 aftershocks larger than magnitude 3. Dramatic geotechnical impacts resulted as the City and Port of Limon were uplifted by more than 1.5 meters. All images were contributed by S. Swan of EQE International.

CR-I, Liquefaction, Roads and Bridges
Describes extensive damage to bridges and highways caused by gross soil deformations. Annotated, 28 images.

CR-II, Damage to Structures
Shows damage to the prevalent building types in Costa Rica: wood-frame houses, concrete and steel-frame buildings, as well as reinforced masonry buildings.
Annotated, 18 images.

CR-III, Industrial Facilities and Lifelines
Demonstrates the seismic vulnerability of an agriculture-based economy that depends on lifelines: roads, railways, electrical power, water systems, and port facilities. Performance of and damage to oil installations, tanks, pipelines, and port facilities among others are shown. Annotated, 25 images.

ARMENIA EARTHQUAKE SERIES
The magnitude 6.8 Spitak earthquake which struck Soviet Armenia on Decem-ber 7, 1988, was one of the worst natural disasters of the twentieth century. It claimed over 25,000 lives and caused damage to 50-100% of building stock in Spitak, Leninakan, and Kirovakan. The earthquake was a disaster of modern precast-concrete-frame-panel buildings constructed in the 1970s and 1980s in the Soviet Union, where the designs initially do not incorporate seismic loads, but are modified locally when they are applied in a seismically active region.

AR-I, Overview
Describes historical seismicity; plate tectonics; strong motions; Armenia seismic zoning and microzonation; damage to various structures, including schools; search and rescue; societal impacts; and lessons learned for the future. Annotated, 20 images.

AR-II, Damage and Engineering Factors
The set describes damage distribution for prevalent building types in Armenia and illustrates typical failure modes. Created by A. Der Kiureghian, with slide contributions from L. Cluff, F. Krimgold, H. S. Lew, EQE, and USGS. Annotated, 20 images.

AR-III, Search and Rescue
Shows international efforts: medical teams, fire fighters, dogs; and emphasizes lessons learned in search and rescue, emergency medical response, and human behavior. Created by F. Krimgold, with contributions from A. Der Kiureghian, EQE, and USGS. Annotated, 16 images.

AR-IV, Buildings and Industrial Facilities
Complements Armenia II, with aerial views and details of damage to industrial
facilities in Spitak and Leninakan, including damage to nuclear power plant, tank farm, and sub-station. Created by P. Yanev of EQE International. Annotated, 20 images.

MEXICO EARTHQUAKE (1985) SERIES
The 8.1 magnitude Michoacan earthquake of September 19, 1985, was one of the most damaging earthquakes to have occurred in North America: thousands died, tens of thousands were injured, damage was in the trillions of pesos, and the social and economic disruption was immeasurable. Most of the casualties and damages occurred in the soft soil area of Mexico City, located about 360 km from the epicentral region. The image sets were developed by an EERI Sub- committee of the Continuing Education Committee.

Mexico I, Overview
Reviews (1) material on North American and Cocos Plates; (2) aerial views of damage at specific locations; (3) ground motion records and response spectra in the lakebed zone. Annotated, 20 images.

Mexico II, Patterns of Building Failure
Illustrates (1) top floors; (2) middle floors; (3) bottom floors; (4) total collapse. Annotated, 20 images.

Mexico III, Examples of Damage to Concrete and Steel Buildings
Includes (1) medical facilities (e.g. Centro Medico); (2) Benito Juarez housing development; (3) various commercial buildings. All 20 images contributed by E. Cole. Annotated.

PHILIPPINES EARTHQUAKE (1990) SLIDES
On July 16, 1990, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake occurred on the Philippine and Digdig Faults on the Island of Luzon, Philippines. Landslides and liquefaction were widespread, disrupting emergency response, surface transportation and water distribution. Several bridges and engineered structures were damaged or destroyed by ground shaking and ground failure. The earthquake resulted in almost 1,300 deaths and rendered thousands homeless.

Philippines I, Overview and Effects
Includes geotechnical aspects, lifelines, liquefaction, performance of engineered and non-engineered buildings, roads, and bridges. Contributed by S. Swan of EQE International. Annotated, 40 images.

Philippines II
Arranged by sections: faulting, structural damage, liquefaction, and mass movement. Includes a list of published reports as a bibliographic aid for those seeking more information on the earthquake and its effects. Created by G. F. Wieczorek, C. G. Newhall, and L. G. Wennerberg of USGS with additional assistance from other contributors. Annotated, 64 images.

SINGLE SETS OF OTHER EARTHQUAKES
Northridge Earthquake of January 17, 1994
An overview of the California earthquake, the most expensive earthquake in US history. Created by J. Hall, the EERI Reconnaissance Team Leader, with images contributed by the team members. The comprehensive set covers such topics as seismology and geoscience, structural and nonstructural damage, lifeline systems, roads and bridges, and industrial facilities. Annotated, 70 images.

Guam Earthquake of August 8, 1993
An Overview. The set concentrates on damage caused by the severe shaking and liquefaction resulting from the 8.1 magnitude earthquake. It includes images of ground failure, damage to bridges, hotels, port wharves, schools, and commercial structures. The 20 images were contributed by C. Comartin, the EERI Reconnaissance Team Leader. Annotated, 20 images.
Erzincan, Turkey, Earthquake of March 13, 1992
Overview. Includes geological map showing Erzincan Basin, plates that affect the North Anatolian Fault, strong-motion records, and historical facts. Shows extensive damage to critical facilities, schools, and government buildings. Illustrates performance of URM buildings (typical construction in the area), reinforced concrete structures, and mosques. Created by M.

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